African Countries

Surrounded by water from all directions, Africa is a continent with clearly determined and absolutely accurate borders. In the north it is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, in the northeast, is separated from Asia by the Suez Canal and farther by the Red Sea. From the east and southeast it is surrounded by the Indian Ocean, from the west by the Atlantic Ocean.

The total number of independent states in Africa is 54. The transcontinental country in this region is Egypt, having also a small part of its territory in Asia, on the other side of the Suez Canal, but politically it is a member of the African Union.

Among the African countries, the biggest one is Algeria, occupying around 7% of the continent’s territory. And the smallest nation is the Seychelles, the worldwide famous luxurious beach holiday destination, occupying 115 islands stretching along the mainland’s eastern coast.

The colorful Morocco is in the first place among the most popular travel spots in this part of the world, the second place belongs to South Africa, followed by Egypt and Tunisia.

Approximate number of population in African Countries is 1,097,026,000

 African Countries listed on Alphabetical Order

  • A
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • B
  • Benin
  • Botswana
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • C
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Comoros
  • Congo, Republic of the
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  • Cote d’Ivoire
  • D
  • Djibouti
  • E
  • Egypt
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • G
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • K
  • Kenya
  • L
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • M
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • N
  • Namibia
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • R
  • Rwanda
  • S
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Swaziland
  • T
  • Tanzania
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • U
  • Uganda
  • Z
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

 

Africa has one of the most land masses on earth, covering 30.2 million square km (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands. With this, Africa covers 6% of the Earth’s total surface area and 20.4 % of the world’s land area and is home to more than 1 billion people.

There are 54 African countries sharing this huge land mass. Most countries in Africa have seen a massive population growth with values doubling up in the past 50 years and these values are estimated to at least double by 2050 according to the latest United Nations projections.

In Africa today, 2 in every 3 people living in Africa are under 25 years of age (This number is 2 times the number in Europe). The population distribution of people in African countries is such that 32 inhabitants live in every square km and on the average, the Sub-Saharan Africa is more densely populated than the Latin America which has 28 inhabitants living in every square Km and it is estimated that Sub-Saharan Africa’s population density is going to increase to more than double where Latin America is today.

In most African countries, two-thirds of the population still live in rural areas although there is massive migration to the towns.

As at 1960, only the city of Johannesburg, had a population of more than one million people but not anymore since more than 40 African cities now have more 1 million people and if this rate continues, more than 50% of rural dwellers will migrate to the urban areas by 2030.

 

 African Countries listed based on number of population

no

Country

Population

Country Code

Capital

Population

1 Seychelles Island 94,000 248 Victoria 25,000
2 São Tomé and Príncipe 194,000 239 São Tomé 43,400
3 Cape Verde 511,000 238 Praia 62,000
4 Equatorial Guinea 685,000 240 Malabo 35,000
5 Comoros 743,000 269 Moroni 19,000
6 Djibouti 918,000 253 Djibouti 62,000
7 Swaziland 1,077,000 268 Mbabane 41,000
8 Mauritius 1,273,000 230 Port Louis 145,000
9 Guinea-Bissau 1,699,000 245 Bissau 120,000
10 Gambia 1,794,000 220 Banjul 52,000
11 Lesotho 1,887,000 266 Maseru 14,000
12 Botswana 2,096,000 267 Gaborone 140,000
13 Namibia 2,160,000 264 Windhoek 148,000
14 Gabon 2,204,000 241 Libreville 57,000
15 Mauritania 3,461,000 222 Nouakchott 135,000
16 Liberia 3,881,000 231 Monrovia 430,000
17 Republic of the Congo 4,525,000 242 Brazzaville 620,000
18 Eritrea 4,980,000 291 Asmara (Asmera) 360,000
19 Central African Republic 5,217,000 236 Bangui 480,000
20 Sierra Leone 5,823,000 232 Freetown 48,000
21 Libya 6,323,000 218 Tripoli 570,000
22 Togo 6,675,000 228 Lomé 160,000
23 Burundi 9,023,000 257 Bujumbura 240,000
24 Somalia 9,662,000 252 Mogadishu 260,000
25 Republic of Benin 9,742,000 229 Porto-Novo 185,000
26 South Sudan 10,334,000 211 Juba 250,000
27 Rwanda 10,780,000 250 Kigali 118,000
28 Tunisia 10,889,000 216 Tunis 620,000
29 Guinea 11,861,000 224 Conakry 770,000
30 Chad 12,948,000 235 N’Djamena 190,000
31 Zimbabwe 13,098,000 263 Harare 1,200,000
32 Senegal 13,567,000 221 Dakar 165,000
33 Zambia 14,129,000 260 Lusaka 1,000,000
34 Malawi 15,316,000 265 Lilongwe 250,000
35 Mali 16,678,000 223 Bamako 700,000
36 Niger Republic 16,850,000 227 Niamey 250,000
37 Burkina Faso 17,338,000 226 Ouagadougou 650,000
38 Angola 21,256,000 244 Luanda 470,000
39 Cameroon 21,331,000 237 Yaoundé 660,000
40 Madagascar 21,852,000 261 Antananarivo 370,000
41 Ivory Coast 24,261,000 225 Yamoussoukro 110,000
42 Mozambique 24,491,000 258 Maputo 900,000
43 Ghana 26,441,000 233 Accra 600,000
44 Morocco 32,950,000 212 Rabat 1,230,000
45 Sudan 35,150,000 249 Khartoum 930,000
46 Uganda 35,363,000 256 Kampala 330,000
47 Algeria 38,295,000 213 Algiers 1,600,000
48 Kenya 43,291,000 254 Nairobi 1,200,000
49 Tanzania 45,950,000 255 Dar es Salaam 1,100,000
50 South Africa 53,076,000 27 Cape Town 1,600,000
51 Democratic Republic of the Congo 74,618,000 243 Kinshasa 2,800,000
52 Egypt 84,605,000 20 Cairo 6,800,000
53 Ethiopia 86,565,000 251 Addis Ababa 2,400,000
54 Nigeria 177,096,000 234 Abuja 300,000

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